Albert Franz Doppler, following the example of Paganini, was both a composer and a virtuoso performer. Taught by his composer and oboist father, Joseph, Franz made his Vienna debut as a flutist at the age of 13 and embarked on several concert tours, often accompanied by his brother Carl, also a highly accomplished flautist and composer.

Composed to showcase the talents of the Doppler brothers during one of their many tours, Andante and Rondo is a flashy showpiece for 2 flutes. The long melody of the Andante sweeps and soars in a dramatic fashion with rich harmonies in the two flutes. The Rondo features complex rhythmic layers, and has the cheek and drive of a Hungarian gypsy dance.