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Sonata No. 9 (op. 47), "Kreutzer"

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According to the original title page, this sonata for violin and piano is "in a style molto concertante almost like that of a concerto". It was both completed and premiered in 1803 while Beethoven was in Vienna. Though the composer had completed the finale approximately three years earlier, the first and second movements were ready only moments before the first performance of this work, and the featured violinist was forced to play them at sight. Additionally, the piano part remained practically blank at the premiere, but with the composer himself performing, one did not need written notes. For a brief time, the sonata was known as the Bridgetower Sonata, dedicated to the violinist who premiered the work. However, a quarrel between Beethoven and Bridgetower encouraged the composer to re-dedicate the work to Rudolphe Kreutzer instead, a Parisian virtuoso violinist whom Beethoven had heard perform in Vienna. Ironically, Kreutzer himself never performed the work, especially after a broken arm later compelled Kreutzer to give up violin playing. --Sarah Wallin 23:15, March 31, 2007 (EDT)

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